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Reduce Stock Coming Harvest Farmers Forced to Sell Coffee, http://www.hariansumutpos.com, 25 September 2012


Coffee farmers are forced to sell even the current price of coffee is still low. In fact, soon, Sumatra will enter the harvest season. Currently, the price of coffee beans ranged Rp15.500 per kilogram, while before the price of coffee is around Rp23.000 per kilogram. The fall in price, due to the manufacturer, the lower the purchase due to the fall in export demand as well.

Currently, demand for exports and the price of coffee beans from Indonesia weakened under the pretext of the economic crisis affected importers in the United States and Europe. Low demand and lower selling prices bid made almost stagnant export coffee beans, said Chairman of the Association of Indonesian Coffee Exporters (AICE) of North Sumatra.

Exporters choose 'wait and see' for fear of losing money at a rapid fluctuation and the trend is weakening. Importer to judge the price of coffee beans from Sumatra in particular is too high. Price ideal buyer in the range of U.S. $ 5 to 5.2 per kilogram, while the price of coffee at random in Medan is Rp.40 thousand to Rp.41 thousand per kilogram; Arabica coffee bean exports to August 2012, according to the data of origin certificate (SKA) still grew 8.8 percent compared to the same period last year; Arabica coffee export volume by 42, 240 million kg worth U.S. $ 263.832 million.
The Productivity of Indonesian Oil Palm Farmers Still Minimized:https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-tengah/d-3564785/produktivitas-petani-kelapa-sawit-indonesia-masih-minim/18 July 2017


The government encourages oil palm farmers to increase their productivity. Smallholder estates are still not optimal in producing oil palm. Director of BPDPKS, Bayu Krisnamurthi, said the plantation owned by the people has only been able to produce 2.5 to 3 tons of crude palm oil (CPO) / hectare / year.

"While the future target is approximately 5-6 tons of CPO / hectare / year, or 25 tons of fresh fruit bunches per hectare," Bayu said at the 2017 Palm Oil Technical Meeting (PSC) in Solo Baru, Sukoharjo, Tuesday (7/18/2017). The palm oil plantation in Indonesia is 11 million hectares. 52 percent managed by private companies, 7 percent managed by the government and 41 percent managed by the people.
 

Oilseed, Nut, Coffee and Spice Growing in Indonesia
Indonesia Industry Report and Market Research
April 25, 2018
Industry Code : A1211
Forecast to : 2022

Definition
Oilseed, Nut, Coffee and Spice Growing in Indonesia Cultivation of fruit-producing plantations and related activities including soil preparation, sowing seed, raising seedlings, planting, cultivating, and harvesting.
Activities
The primary activities of firms in this industry are:
- Oil Palm Plantations.
- Coffee Plantations.
- Cocoa Plantations.
- Pepper Plantations.
- Nutmeg Plantations.
- Coconut Plantations.
- Vanilla Plantations.
- Cashews Plantations.
- Kapok and Cotton Plantations.
- Castor Oil Plantations.
- Candle Nut Plantations.
- Coriander Plantations.
- Cardamom Plantations.
- Kenari (native almond) Plantations.
- Cumin Plantations.
- Tengkawang (Dipterocarpaceae Nuts) Plantation.
PT. Dataindo Inti SwakarsaTelp : (62 - 21) 719 3832
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Jakarta 12720, Indonesia
Chapter Headings US $ Select All
Industry Outlook 60.50
Key Statistics 60.50
Market Characteristics 36.30
Segmentation 36.30
Industry Conditions 60.50
Industry Performance 60.50
Key Factors 27.50
News
Fund CPO Will Crush Income Palm Oil 0.39
Crude Palm Oil Prices will Soar 0.39
Increase Production, 8,000 Ha People's Palm Garden Ready for Replanting 0.39
Palm Oil Industry Growth Concern 0.39
Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Supports West Pasaman People 0.39
South Kalimantan's Frying Oil, Exported 0.39
Bakrie Sumatra 0.39
Astra Agro Lestari Expands Area to 30,000 Ha 0.39
CNOOC-Sinar Mas Invests on US$ 5.5 Billion on Biofuel 0.39
Bakrie Rubber Production Up 23 Percent 0.39
Prasidha Exports 20,000 Tons of Rubber 0.39
PT AAL Profit Increases Up To Rp.414 Billion 0.39
Lonsum Trains Cacao Farmers 0.39
Despite Rising Price, Farmers Still Uninterested to Grow Pepper 0.39
London Sumatra Returns to Profit 0.39
Bakrie Plans Massive Plantation Expansion 0.39
Astra Agro Palm Oil output Up 0.39
Bank Niaga Cooperates with Astra Agro Lestari 0.39
18,775 Ha of Pepper Fields Destroyed by Phytoptoral Sp. 0.39
Bakrie Plantations Obtains US$ 69 Million Loan 0.39
Indonesia Lacks Millions of Certified Seeds 0.39
300,000 Ha Land for Castor Oil Plant 0.39
Astra Agro Plans Rp.600 Billion Investment 0.39
Astra Agro Says Palm Oil Output to Rise in 2006 0.39
Prasidha Will Re-evaluate Asset 0.39
PT AAL Cancelled Expansion 0.39
PT Astra's Palm Oil Output May Rise 13 percent 0.39
Durango Rumoured to Release Shares in Lonsum 0.39
PTPN IX Invests Rp.840 Million in Agri-tourism 0.39
Astra Agro's CPO Sales until July Reaches Rp.1.49 Trillion 0.39
Astra Agro's Net Profit for Semester I Declined 0.39
Government Urged to Cut Export Tax on Tea 0.39
Astra Agro Target Net Operating Margin of 20 percent 0.39
PTPN IX Targets Rp.57 Billion in Profit This Year 0.39
PTPN III Allocates Rp.4.5 Billion of PKBL Fund 0.39
WWF promised inviting European investors in palm oil 0.39
Oil Palm Threatened without Downstream Industry Development 0.39
Four Years of Loss for PTPN IX 0.39
RI to Lobby China on Cocoa Duties 0.39
Cocoa Farmers Approve of Export Duty 0.39
Processing Industry and Cocoa Farmers Form Partnership 0.39
To the Farmers' Relive, The Price of Coffee Beans Rocket 0.39
RI's CPO Output to Drop 15 percent due to Inferior Seedlings 0.39
CPO Factories Without Plantation Areas 0.39
Farmers Ought to Make Use of Export Duty 0.39
Cocoa Producers Urge Government to Lobby China on Tariffs 0.39
The Indonesian Cocao Farmers Association Refuse Cocoa Export Duty Policy 0.39
RI Losing Out in Chinese Cocoa Market 0.39
Makassar Cacao Manufacturers Refuse Export Duty Implementation 0.39
Palm Oil Market Weakens 0.39
RI Underwent 140 Million Palm Oil Seedling Deficiency 0.39
Bakrie Sumatera Plantation Accelerates Acquisition 0.39
Askindo and ATI Demand that PPN Policy be Revised 0.39
PTPN IV Prepares Investment Fund of Rp.613.4 Billion 0.39
Cocoa Beans Production Decreased by 5 percent in 2004 as a Result of Draught 0.39
Bakrie Sumatera to Sell New Shares 0.39
Astra Agro Lestari to Plant New Palm Trees 0.39
China Agrees to Cut Palm Oil Tariff on Indonesian Products 0.39
Bangka Belitung White Pepper Production Decreased 0.39
Bakrie Plantations to Launch Rights Issue 0.39
Cocoa Factories Capacity Decreased 50 percent 0.39
Cocoa Export Value Decreased by 20 percent 0.39
Pepper is No Longer First Class Commodity 0.39
Astra Agro's Palm Oil Output Rises 0.39

Report Content

The Oilseed, Nut, Coffee and Spice Growing industry in Indonesia research report contain trend analysis, statistics, market size information, industry growth rates as well as major competitors.

Major market segments are identified and also those forces affecting demand and supply within this industry. Performance analysis includes emerging industry trends as well as recent results and performance of each key company. Drawing on the depth of information DIS also provides 5 year forecasts for this industry.

The comprehensive study also examines details such as the barriers to entry, operating cost structure, technology & systems and domestic & international markets. Tables and statistics include: Industry revenue, exports, imports, wages and number of companies in the industry, Industry growth and geographic regional data.


KEY STATISTICS 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Industry Revenue 107,942 104,367 131,689 158,085 169,151 Rp.Billion
Industry Gross Product 7,016 6,784 8,560 10,276 10,995 Rp.Billion
Number of Establishments 110 120 130 130 130 Units
Employment 109,600 101,200 85, 81,000 85,400 Units
Exports 2,856 3,457 6,481 6,521 7,820 Rp.Billion
Imports 10,926 10,899 25,482 30,419 35,880 Rp.Billion
Total Wages 1,425 1,316 1,114 1,010 1,109 Rp.Billion
Domestic Demand 116,012 111,809 150,690 181,983 197,211 Rp.Billion
The data above is sample data only

COST STRUCTURE % OF SALES COST STRUCTURE % OF SALES
Cost of Goods Sold 67.13 Gross Profit 32.87
Operating Expense 21.5 Profit (Loss) Before Tax 11.36
Administration 1.58 Depreciation 0.56
Electricity 0.66 Freight 1.99
Fuel, Parking, Toll & Retribution 1.62 Interest 3.09
Land and Building Rental 2.74 Marketing 2.69
Repairs and Maintenance 0.54 Service Fee 0.7
Staff Welfare Allowance 1.38 Other Expenses 0.92
Stationery & Inventory 0.48 Telephone 0.8
Utensils and Equipment 1.24 Wages and Salaries 0.5
The data above is sample data only

ESTABLISHMENTS IN (%) ESTABLISHMENTS IN (%)
Central Java 13.4 DKI Jakarta 6.5
East Java 22.4 North Sumatra 17.9
Papua 2.0 Bali 3.0
South Sulawesi 6.0 West Java 28.8
The data above is sample data only

Chapter Headings

Industry Outlook

A key analysis section, the Industry Outlook outlines expectations for the key industry indicators over the next five-year period.

Key Statistics

The key indicators for the industry for last five years are provided here, and include:
•   Industry Revenue
•   Industry Value Added
•   Employment
•   Establishments
•   Exports
•   Imports
•   Domestic Demand
•   Total Wages

Market Characteristics

Market Size
This section gives the size of the domestic market and the size of the export market for each industry.

Linkages
This section lists the industry"s major supplier and its major customer industries, with SIC"s (KLUI) for easy reference.

Demand Determinants
Lists the key factors which are likely to cause demand to rise or fall.

Domestic and International Markets
Exports
The trend for the size of exports (are they increasing, decreasing, not changing) and the trend for the size of exports as a proportion of turnover. The size of the domestic market (domestic demand) and the proportion of this accounted for by exports
Imports
Outlines the trend for the size of domestic demand and the trend for imports as a proportion of domestic demand States the size of the domestic market (domestic demand) and the proportion of this accounted for by imports
Analysis
Domestic and international markets defines the market for the products and services of this industry, both locally and in other countries. This outlines: the size of the domestic market (domestic demand) and the proportion of this accounted for by imports, the key countries from which imports are sourced (with percentage and relative size if available), the trend for the size of domestic demand and the trend for imports as a proportion of domestic demand, the size of turnover and the size of exports as a proportion of turnover, the key export destinations (percentages and relative importance of these, if available, the trend for the size of exports (are they increasing, decreasing, not changing) and the trend for the size of exports as a proportion of turnover.

Basis of Competition
Gives the key types of competition between firms within the industry. It also highlights competition from substitute products in alternative industries.

Segmentation

Products and Service Segmentation
This details the key products and/or services provided by this industry. Wherever possible, we include an indication as to which of these are the most important to demonstrate which have a more significant influence over industry results as a whole.

Major Market Segments
The key client industries and/or groups are detailed here. Wherever possible, an indication as to which of these are the most important is included. This will highlight the client groups that are most important to the industry. Trends in these client groups may have an important impact on the demand for products and services provided by the SIC, hence they may be important to monitor suggested links

Industry Concentration
This is an indicator of how much industry turnover is accounted for by the top players.

Geographic Spread
This is a guide to the regional share of industry turnover/gross product. DIS calculates this on the basis of turnover or production, however, the number of establishments may be used as a proxy where these are not available.

Industry Conditions

Barriers to Entry
This section outlines factors that can prevent a new company from entering the industry and will also give an indication of the extent to which this occurs.

Taxation
Taxation refers to all kinds of taxation that are specific or are particularly important to an industry. This includes taxation concessions.

Industry Assitance
Assistance refers to government and/or other measures in place designed to improve the performance of the industry or sections of the industry. (eg grants, subsidies)

Regulation and Deregulation
Where licenses are required to operate in an industry, these will be noted here. Where possible, details regarding the degree of difficulty in obtaining a licence are included. Important issues relating to regulation and deregulation are included here.

Cost Structure
The average costs for a company operating in this industry as a percentage of total revenue.

Capital and Labour Intensity
Provides a guide to the amount of capital used in production/providing a service compared to the amount of labor in the total mix of inputs.

Technology and System
Acknowledges the latest technology and/or systems available to this industry within the country. Technology refers to machinery and equipment (such as computerisation) which enables better and more efficient production. Systems refer to methods of production that also enables better and more efficient production.

Industry Volatility
Industry volatility refers to the year on year fluctuations, which occur in industry output.

Globalization
This gives an indication of the extent to which the industry is global. As a guide, we base its definition of the level of globalization on a number of factors, some of which include: the level of foreign ownership, the proportion of demand accounted for by foreign operators, and in the case of industries dominated by domestic participants, the volume of production conducted in other countries.

Industry Performance

Historical Performance
This section details previously important events in the development of the industry

Current Performance
This is the key analysis section for the industry over the past five years. The key performance indicators for the industry in question are discussed, providing trends and explanations for occurrences in the industry.

Key Competitors

Lists the Major Players in the industry with key details relating to those players

Key Factors

Key Sensitivities
The sensitivities are factors that are outside of the control of an operator of the industry, but are likely to have significant impact on a business.

Key Success Factors
These are the factors within the control of the operator and which should be followed in order to be successful. Often these may include behavior that will help to minimise the effects of the key sensitivities.

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Table of Contents
About this Report
Outlook
Key Statistics
Segmentation
Market Characteristics
Industry Conditions
Key Factors
Key Competitors
Industry Performance